PNF and Movement 2021; 19(3): 435-440
Effects of the Head-Turn Gait on Gait Parameters in the Elderly
Myoung-Hee Lee, P.T., Ph.D.⋅Jong-Sung Chang, P.T., Ph.D.1†
Department of Physical Therapy, Uiduk University
1Department of Physical Therapy, Yeungnam University College
Correspondence to: Jong-Sung Chang (
Received: December 13, 2021; Revised: December 16, 2021; Accepted: December 17, 2021; Published online: December 31, 2021.
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Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of older adult’s head-turn gait on gait parameters by comparing with head oriented forward gait and to provide criteria for their risk of falling compared to young adult.
Methods: The subjects were 19 young adults in their 20s and 18 older adults in their 60s or above residing in Daegu or Gyeongsangbuk-do. To evaluate their gait parameters, spatiotemporal gait parameters were measured using a gait analysis tool (Legsys, BioSensics, USA) under two conditions: 1) walking while keeping one’s eyes forward and 2) walking while turning the head. The measurement for each test was performed after one practice session, and the mean value of three measurements was analyzed. The collected data were statistically processed using a two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) to compare any differences in gait parameters between the two groups under the two conditions. The statistical significance level was set at α=0.05.
Results: According to the comparison of gait parameters in young adult and older adult between the head oriented forward gait and head-turn gait, statistically significant differences were observed in two parameters: stride length according to the height ratio and stride speed obtained by dividing the stride length according to the height ratio by time (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that the head-turn gait causes greater differences in stride length and speed among older adult than in young adult and therefore can act as a cause of falling.
Keywords: Older adult, Head turn gait, Gait parameters

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