PNF and Movement 2022; 20(1): 41-49
Effects of Vibration Exercise on the Balance Control Ability, Gait Ability, and Depression in the Elderly
Jae-Cheol Park, PT, PhD.⋅Dong-Kyu Lee, PT, PhD.
Department of Physical Therapy, Chunnam Techno University
Correspondence to: Dong-Kyu Lee (
Received: January 13, 2022; Revised: February 6, 2022; Accepted: February 7, 2022; Published online: April 30, 2022.
© Korea Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Association. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of vibration exercise on balance control ability, gait ability, and depression in the elderly.
Methods: A total of 24 elderly subjects were recruited and randomized into an experimental (n = 12) or a control (n = 12) group. The experimental group performed both a vibration and a stabilization exercise, and the control group performed a stabilization exercise alone. Balance ability was measured using the functional reach test (FRT), gait ability was measured using the timed up and go test (TUGT), and depression was measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D).
Results: The experimental and control groups showed significant differences for all pre- and post-experiment FRT, TUGT, and CES-D measurements (p <0.05). In a comparison between the two groups, the experimental group in which vibration exercise was applied showed more significant difference in FRT, TUGT, and CES-D than the control group (p <0.05).
Conclusion: This study showed vibration exercise to be effective in balance control ability, gait ability, and depression in the elderly.
Keywords: Balance, Gait, Depression, Vibration exercise

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