PNF and Movement 2024; 22(1): 13-21
Effect of Side Walking Training Combined Squat on Balance and Gait Ability in Patients with Stroke
Tae-Woo Kang, P.T., Ph.D.1⋅Da-Hee Kim, P.T., Ph.D.2†
1Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health and Welfare, Woosuk University
2Department of Medical management, Chodang University
Correspondence to: Da-hee Kim (
Received: January 19, 2024; Revised: February 27, 2024; Accepted: March 12, 2024; Published online: April 30, 2024.
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Purpose: This study investigated the effects of side walking training combined with squats on the balance and gait ability of stroke patients. The purpose of this study was to provide fundamental data regarding the use of side walking training combined with squats among stroke patients.
Methods: Thirty patients with stroke were randomly divided into an experimental group (n=15) that underwent side walking training combined with squats and a control group (n=15) that performed general rehabilitation exercises. Both groups performed their respective exercises for 30 minutes, five times a week for six weeks. Balance was assessed using the functional reach test and timed up and go test, while gait ability was evaluated using the 10-meter walk test. A paired t-test was performed to compare within-group changes before and after the intervention. Differences between the experimental and control groups were analyzed using an independent t-test. For all tests, the level of statistical significance was set at α=0.05.
Results: After the exercise, significant within-group improvements in balance and gait ability were observed in both the experimental and control groups (p<0.05). There was also a significant between-group difference in balance and gait ability following the intervention (p<0.05).
Conclusion: While general rehabilitation is commonly employed in treating stroke patients and is relatively effective, the application of side walking training combined with squats may offer additional benefits in terms of improving balance and gait ability in these patients.
Keywords: Balance, Gait, Side walking training with squat, Stroke

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